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X-ray Probing of Death of a Massive Star

KMI Colloquium
2021-06-09 17:00
Dr. Toshiki Sato (Rikkyo University)

KMI colloquium”   9th June (Wed)  17:00-

Speaker :Dr. Toshiki Sato (Rikkyo University)

Title : X-ray Probing of Death of a Massive Star

Poster : Sato_KMI_colloquium_20210609_v2a-2

Abstract :

X-ray observations of supernova remnants provide us a unique opportunity to probe the explosion mechanisms of supernovae. In this seminar, we will introduce our recent results on the Galactic supernova remnant Cassiopeia A using X-rays, which provides important evidence of how the progenitor star exploded.

  Recent multi-dimensional simulations of the delayed neutrino-driven explosion suggest that high-entropy buoyant plumes that are produced from the neutrino-driven convection help massive stars to explode. Such asymmetries during the explosions can be tested by their ejecta distribution and elemental compositions obtained from X-rays. For example, outwardly protruding Fe-rich fingers in Cassiopeia A seem to support this picture. Here, detecting signatures of specific elements synthesized in the high-entropy nuclear burning regime (i.e., α-rich freeze out) would be among the strongest substantiating evidence. We show observations of such elements, stable Ti and Cr in the shocked high-velocity Fe-rich ejecta of Cassiopeia A. The metal composition of the plumes agrees well with predictions for strongly neutrino-processed proton-rich ejecta (but still we cannot completely dismissed the production at the neutron-rich region at the present). Our results support that the neutrino-driven convective engine was really working  in the supernova of Cassiopeia A. We also introduce that the future X-ray missions will be very useful for probing physics of the supernova engine.

The colloquium will be held via ZOOM.